If we took a trip back in history, we notice various kinds of mosaic art: each with a different technique, perspective and name. The name “Opus Vermiculatum” was invented by Romans to illustrate the art of mosaics made out of tiny and minuscule Tesserae called “Vermiculi” (little worms). Through the tiniest tesseras and mosaic tiles measuring between one or two mm, a new medium became possible. With a centimeter-long tile, artisans could obtain five rows of tesserae creating a wide variation of colors. Micro mosaics or mosaic “Vermiculatum” are made using the same method used for bigger tiles. These precious mosaics were made in a laboratory on an autonomous support system and installed into a floor. It was easy for Romans to remove them from the floor and move them to another. Micro mosaics are very delicate and their utmost size is usually limited to 20 or 40 centimeters, needing a great amount of time and patience. We thought of helping you discover the world and art of micro mosaics. You can also find lines of luxurious jewelry made in micro mosaics, which can be created using precious stones such as Fluorite.
The method of mosaic creation is mainly involved in direct placing or gluing the mosaic tiles into the corresponding surface. This method is well suited to surfaces that have a three-dimensional quality. Direct method is also applied to small and transportable projects like jewelries or micro mosaic artworks. The foremost advantage of the direct method is that the final result of the mosaic could be gradually visible, which allows editing the placement of the tiles if necessary. The principle method of micro mosaics is based on tiles made through a spinning procedure rather than the traditional technique with the hammer and hardie. The spinning procedure allows the creation of long thin rods less than a millimeter in dimension.
• Abstract Micro Mosaic
Although abstract micro mosaics seem to be easy to create, they usually take a week or two to be ready. The difficult part is placing these 1 millimeter tile pieces (tesserae) while harmonizing colors in a non pictorial or impressionistic manner. Several colors can interact in synchronization to illustrate different perspective and visions. Click here to explore many micro mosaic designs .
Floral, Abstract and Colorful Micro Mosaics.
• Micro Mosaic Painting Reproductions
Around 1600 right after St. Peter’s Basilica was completed, the calamity occurred: clouds started to form in the immense interior of the Basilica and the divine paintings of famous artists were decaying from humidity. A desperate search for a long lasting material began. Right after the artistic staff of St. Peter’s noticed that the architectural mosaics of the Basilica had retained their color and hadn’t decayed, they started experimenting. They began by modifying the mosaic artworks directly and then began to reproduce paintings using mosaic tiles instead of paint. In order to reproduce master paintings, they had to develop thousands of new shades of tesserae. Traditional glass mosaic tiles were too shiny, the staff had to find a mosaic material without a reflective surface typical to a painting: marble mosaic tiles. Here are some artworks reproduced by Mozaico.
• Figurative Micro Mosaics
Although the origin of mosaics is credited to the Greeks, the art-form was also used in Assyria, Egypt, Persia and other ancient civilizations. The art of portrait was discovered in Ancient Greece and grew especially Roman sculpture, where sitters demanded figurative and realistic portraits. Realistic portraits of the archetypal appearance emerged again in the late Middle Ages. Since then, figures have been illustrated in tomb monuments, donor portraits, miniatures of illuminated manuscripts, panel paintings, finally mosaic murals and micro mosaic artworks.
• Micro Mosaic Accessories
In the 20th century, artists renewed their interest in mosaics and this art form extended among masters such as Gustav Klimt, Chagall, Fernand Léger, Joan Miro, as well as by Antoni Gaudí, whose mosaics in Parc Guell blow our minds with wonder. As micro mosaic art developed, it became an ornamental technique for belongings, snuffboxes, jewelry, paintings and furniture. The focal themes reproduced in micro-mosaics were early monuments of Rome, religious and spiritual icon reproductions. At the end of the 18th century, a Roman artisan imagined a different path for micro-mosaics, something that was never previously made or thought of. He began his artistic journey by creating micro mosaic watches and jewelry.
Now that you have learned about micro mosaics, would you think of owning or creating a micro mosaic artwork?
Share your thoughts with us in the comment box below.
Don’t Forget to Subscribe to our Newsletter for Weekly Updates on Mosaic Art, Decor, Creativity and Much More!